Welcome to our guide to monstera minima / mini monstera / rhaphidophora tetrasperma propagation, we run down all you need to know about propagating mini monstera plants. They are a tropical house plant from Southern Thailand but they are grow well in most homes as indoor plants. You can propagate them with stem cuttings, I like to use water propagation to root them first them move them to soil once rooted.
What You’ll Need
You will need:
- A mini monstera plant
- Clean and sharp knife or scissors
- A jar of water
- Soil and a pot to move it to once rooted.
How To Propagate Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma In Water
Time needed: 30 minutes
Follow these step by step instructions to propagate a Rhapidophora Tetrasperma in water:
- Take a cutting
You want to get one or two leaves and a node for each cutting.
- Put the cuttings aside for a couple of hours
The open wounds need to be sealed before putting it in water so you don’t get rot. You can trim off an aerial roots.
- Put the cuttings in water for a month
They should start to root in a few days, they grow and root quickly. In a month the roots should be well established.
- Move the cuttings to soil
Once the roots have grown well you can plant the cutting up into a moist soil mix.
- Keep the cuttings humid until the roots have taken to the soil
Move the cuttings to a well draining soil mix, keep them humid to encourage rooting (put the cuttings in a tall plastic bag, but leave it slightly open). Once they put out new growth from the top of the plant and you see new leaves you can remove the bag and treat it as a normal, new plant.
Mini Monstera Soil Propagation
You can go straight to soil with your rhaphidophora tetrasperma propagations if you like. There are two main keys with soi proagations:
- Let the cuttings callous over first for a few hours, so there are not open wounds for soil to get into, which can cause the cuttings to rot.
- Keep the cuttings humid (they are a tropical plant after all!) until they root and produce new growth from the top of the plant.
Take your cuttings, making sure to get a node for each leaf, as this is where they will root from. Leave them aside for 3 hours so the open cuts heal. Fill a pot with a good, well draining aroid soil, and water it. Let the excess water drain off (don’t leave the pot in a saucer full of water). Then after the 3 hours plant the cuttings in the soil.
You want to keep the leaves from touching the soil if you can as they can rot, but you want to try to bury the node as deep as possible (while keeping the leaf off the soil).
Put a clear plastic bag around the pot that is taller that the top of the cuttings. This will raise the humidity which encourage rooting. Keep the bag open, so that some air can circulate and you don’t get that dreaded rot!
Keep the soil moist but not soaking, and give the plant plenty of indirect sunlight. It should root over the next month or so and then start to put out new leaf growth. Once you have a few new leaves, you can take the bag off and treat it as a juvenile plant.
Mini Monstera Sphagnum Moss Propagation
I have grown a few mini monsteras in sphagnum moss and they take very well. They grow and root very quickly, but ongoing they grow slightly slower than in soil.
Firstly, sphagnum moss is great for growing nodes if you have trimmed you plant down and just have some nodes without any leaves, then let them callous over and put them on a bed of moist moss and press them down gently so they get air and light but the nodes are covered in moist moss. Keep it well lit in indirect light and keep it moist too. Keep it in the moss until it is well rooted and the nodes have at least 2 leaves, then you can move them to soil where they can grow out and will get more nutrients.
You can also use sphagnum moss for cuttings, just fill a cup with moist moss (squeeze off a lot of the water so it is moist but not soaking), then plant a cutting in the moss. Don’t pack the moss down too much as you want air to be able to get to the new roots.
Mini Monstera Leca Propagation
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma grow and root well in leca. A great idea is water prop the cuttings first to start them off then plant them in leca to continue rooting. The key with leca propagation is to make sure the leca is thoroughly washed and rinsed to get rid of clay dust. I rinse then soak/submerge the leca, then repeat both those until no clay powder runs off anymore. You also want to make sure you have water in the bottom of the pot constantly as leca work by wicking this up as needed and it works really well, but it is unforgiving if it dries up!
You also need to be really careful with the cutting in leca for about 3 weeks until it is well rooted as it can easily fall out of the leca before then.
That aside leca is really simple, just fill a cup half full with leca, put your cutting, fill the rest of the cup up with leca, and then maintain a couple of centimeters / half an inch of water at the bottom and the clay balls will wick up what they need to the roots. Keep it in humid conditions until it is well rooted.
Potting Up Your Mini Monsteras
Make sure you give them a good well-draining soil (peat moss alterntive, plus some perlite), and a pot with a drainage hole as they don’t like to be overwatered, they can get root rot. You don’t want the potting mix to get soaking wet for too long. Consider giving them a moss pole or trellis too as it is a climbing plant.
A Few Cuttings Of Mine, Rooted
Monstera minima, mini monstera, rhaphidophora tetrasperma plant.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma Propagation – frequently asked questions
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is really easy to propagate with cuttings in water. They root quickly with a high success rate.
Once you root a cutting in water you can keep it there as long as you keep the water topped up and change the water if you see it going cloudy.
You propagate these plants in water with one-leaf, one-node cuttings. They have high success rate.
They root fairly quickly, starting to show in a few days, and within a month to two months they should have large root systems.
They are a relatively fast growing aroid as long as you meet their care requirements.
If the plant is established and not splitting, give it more indirect sunlight to encourage splitting/fenestration. They do not tend split when young, and will fenestrate naturally when they get bigger.
The best time is in earl spring so they have the entire growing season to root and take to their new medium.
It can take 3 months from taking a cutting until you have a rooted plant with new leaf growth.
You need a node to propagate a Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma as the roots grow from the node.
They can get spider mites easily, as well as other indoor plant pests – it’s a good idea to check the soil and leaves every time you water the plant so you can get on top of any problems.
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